Today there are quite a lot of types of sailboats. All of them differ in appearance, technical characteristics and dimensions. All of this depend on the conditions under which a boat will sail. The same goes for the construction.
In total there are two main criteria with which you can establish a variety of the vessel. The first is the destination and the area of navigation. The yacht can be designed for sea cruises or round-the-world regattas. Then the yachts are classified on the basis of the hull design.
As for the hull, the yacht can be cruising or racing. A racing yacht is designed for racing at a limited distance. Therefore, everything in it is designed to develop maximum speed. On such a yacht there will be no conditions for a comfortable life. But for long voyage they are not suitable for the simple reason, then they do not provide basic conditions for life. The cruising yacht has a solid construction and all amenities. Therefore, such a vessel can sail in the open sea and move away from the base for a long distance.
But at the same time, not every yacht is able to overcome the ocean. They have such a name to differ from the completely racing ship, which does not have a cabin. There are different vessels on which you can participate in the sea race. One of the types is called cruiser racier. It is suitable for long voyages, even the ocean voyages. In such yachts there are all necessary navigational instruments and auxiliary engines.
Also you can meet and especially sports classification of yachts. Such a classification principle is necessary in order to ensure equal conditions for all participants in the competition. You must clearly understand the conditions under which the vessel will be used. If you are a winner in life and are engaged in choosing a yacht, then you should consider the number of people on the ship, the total weight, carrying capacity and so on.
If you have a deep water area with a beautiful parking lot, then you should give preference to the classic keel version. For the river, a dinghy is more suitable. It is easy to control and practical.
One of the main varieties of yachts. It has a shallow and comparative wide body made of metal or wood. It features good water resistance due to its flat and wide body. Even a bad stiering can turn this ship over, which makes it not as safe as a keel yacht in the open waters.
The keel yacht has a bottom, turning into a deep fin. Thus, it is possible to provide good resistance. To give greater stability to the vessel, it is made out of steel or lead. Suitable for sailing in deep waters and conditions of strong wind. If you sail under normal conditions, then such a vessel will never turn over.
These were the main types of sailboats. There are other varieties of sailboats, but they are not so popular.